WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

Sains & Teknologi

--►SUPPORT via PATREON: bit.ly/38ym51t
►STAY INFORMED: goo.gl/ByheuP ◄
▼▼My FLIGHT-KIT I highly recommend for you guys▼▼
MY HEADSET: amzn.to/2CrTrzz
MY PILOT BAG: amzn.to/2DiWKux
Company iPad: amzn.to/2W1zM2n
▼▼The VIDEO EQUIPMENT I use in my studio and outdoors▼▼
MY CAMERA: amzn.to/2T1VK3g
LIGHTING: amzn.to/2szSRv4
Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)
Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:

Into Song:
Lounge idmilk.info/cycle/video/lmZ6orDgx9mFaqk.html
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here goo.gl/kJ9pef


  • Kevin Luo
    Kevin Luo6 jam yang lalu

    Ah yes, 2.26 million pilots watching this.

  • Rocky Go
    Rocky Go5 hari yang lalu

    I imagine a cessna approaching like Cessna 143 "Cute"

  • Miriam Schmitz
    Miriam Schmitz6 hari yang lalu

    There are no German subtitles.. ☹️

  • Neel Shah
    Neel Shah6 hari yang lalu

    Glider flies high than procedding aircraft cause wing top vortices created by glider are negligible or can say less than procedding aircraft.

  • thebeaz1
    thebeaz17 hari yang lalu

    Thank you for that important information.

  • Zinah Awab
    Zinah Awab10 hari yang lalu

    Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

  • Daniel Wainaina
    Daniel Wainaina15 hari yang lalu

    This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

  • Darth vader
    Darth vader22 hari yang lalu

    Subtitles suck shit

  • Don'tSpikeMyDrink


    5 hari yang lalu

    they are not that bad

  • ss ll
    ss ll23 hari yang lalu

    why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

  • William Edward
    William Edward29 hari yang lalu

    The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

  • DzyMsLizzy
    DzyMsLizzy29 hari yang lalu

    Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

  • Marc Bergeron
    Marc BergeronBulan Yang lalu

    Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

  • George Reynolds

    George Reynolds

    20 hari yang lalu

    The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

  • George Payazitis
    George PayazitisBulan Yang lalu

    They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

  • robert dickson
    robert dicksonBulan Yang lalu

    I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

  • 56PapaBear56
    56PapaBear56Bulan Yang lalu

    I miss the Concord also

  • Anushree Mohan
    Anushree MohanBulan Yang lalu

    Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

  • Denial1984
    Denial1984Bulan Yang lalu


  • Aaditya Pratap Singh
    Aaditya Pratap SinghBulan Yang lalu

    Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

  • eLem3nT
    eLem3nTBulan Yang lalu

    Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

  • Kyle Pifer
    Kyle PiferBulan Yang lalu

    When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

  • SharkJawYokel
    SharkJawYokelBulan Yang lalu

    I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

    CHIMOYBulan Yang lalu

    Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

  • Alphaville86
    Alphaville86Bulan Yang lalu

    Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

  • Paul M
    Paul MBulan Yang lalu

    Captain? really?

  • Carl
    CarlBulan Yang lalu

    Excellent explanation 👍

  • Heidi Coleman
    Heidi ColemanBulan Yang lalu

    The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

  • nomebear
    nomebearBulan Yang lalu

    Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

  • Jesse James Bell
    Jesse James BellBulan Yang lalu

    Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

  • d gronzega
    d gronzegaBulan Yang lalu

    Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

  • George Reynolds

    George Reynolds

    20 hari yang lalu

    To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

  • Martin Moore
    Martin MooreBulan Yang lalu

    Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

  • Diana Hilburn
    Diana HilburnBulan Yang lalu

    I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

  • Gustavo Sanchez
    Gustavo SanchezBulan Yang lalu

    What's the word again heavy

  • C Y
    C YBulan Yang lalu

    Because Great Scotts! Was taken

  • Para
    ParaBulan Yang lalu

    You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

  • McCoy RiDEs
    McCoy RiDEsBulan Yang lalu

    its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

  • numbr17
    numbr17Bulan Yang lalu

    I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

  • Harry Van Der Meulen
    Harry Van Der MeulenBulan Yang lalu

    I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

  • Adrien Pinard
    Adrien PinardBulan Yang lalu

    The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

  • Delta Methrin
    Delta MethrinBulan Yang lalu

    Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

  • LK
    LKBulan Yang lalu

    Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

  • Eduardo Bogosian
    Eduardo BogosianBulan Yang lalu

    @8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

  • LPVit
    LPVitBulan Yang lalu

    good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

  • BenjWarrant
    BenjWarrantBulan Yang lalu

    You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

  • Doug Callahan
    Doug CallahanBulan Yang lalu

    depends on the size of the flight attendants

  • Susan Muraguri
    Susan MuraguriBulan Yang lalu

    I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?.....lol!

  • Paul Collyer
    Paul CollyerBulan Yang lalu

    No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

  • Lunatic Fringe
    Lunatic FringeBulan Yang lalu

    Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

  • Vanduir Da Silva
    Vanduir Da SilvaBulan Yang lalu

    Very cool information!!!!

  • James Lindsey
    James LindseyBulan Yang lalu

    It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

  • Jas B.
    Jas B.Bulan Yang lalu

    If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

  • SFC Tapia
    SFC TapiaBulan Yang lalu

    When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

  • socalsilver
    socalsilverBulan Yang lalu


  • RickySTT
    RickySTTBulan Yang lalu

    How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

  • Regular Guy
    Regular GuyBulan Yang lalu

    Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

  • pmailkeey
    pmailkeeyBulan Yang lalu

    8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

  • pmailkeey
    pmailkeeyBulan Yang lalu

    8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

  • thebeaz1
    thebeaz1Bulan Yang lalu

    It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

  • tennisbum
    tennisbumBulan Yang lalu

    Very concise explanation, well done

  • John Boughton
    John BoughtonBulan Yang lalu

    Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

  • Jt Williams
    Jt WilliamsBulan Yang lalu

    If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

  • thewargod1995
    thewargod1995Bulan Yang lalu

    So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

  • thewargod1995


    Bulan Yang lalu

    @Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

  • Mark Taylor

    Mark Taylor

    Bulan Yang lalu

    So it’s your first day here, huh?

  • atomflyer44
    atomflyer44Bulan Yang lalu

    I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

  • Jim Malley
    Jim MalleyBulan Yang lalu

    Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

  • billp4
    billp4Bulan Yang lalu

    cause it sounds cool?

  • Belkys
    BelkysBulan Yang lalu

    BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .

    LEIF HOFFMANBulan Yang lalu

    You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

  • David Moutardier
    David MoutardierBulan Yang lalu

    Thanks for the information. Excellent!

  • XxMidnightToker420xX
    XxMidnightToker420xXBulan Yang lalu

    I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

  • Ben Klassen
    Ben KlassenBulan Yang lalu

    I learned something. Thanks.

  • Minor Issue
    Minor IssueBulan Yang lalu

    Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

  • Steve Guest
    Steve GuestBulan Yang lalu

    That’s great Info very interesting

  • Robert B
    Robert BBulan Yang lalu

    “God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

  • Alec Mayo
    Alec MayoBulan Yang lalu

    Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

  • :l
    :lBulan Yang lalu

    7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

  • Bruno Tulliani
    Bruno TullianiBulan Yang lalu

    My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

  • Cheick Diarra
    Cheick DiarraBulan Yang lalu

    this is so cool

  • Communism is Evil
    Communism is EvilBulan Yang lalu

    Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

  • mickd6942
    mickd6942Bulan Yang lalu

    Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

  • Martin Espinosa
    Martin EspinosaBulan Yang lalu

    I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

  • Terry Burke
    Terry BurkeBulan Yang lalu

    hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

  • Rushin' Truckin'
    Rushin' Truckin'Bulan Yang lalu

    This was fascinating! Had no idea but makes sense.

  • Kleur van de Ogen
    Kleur van de OgenBulan Yang lalu

    Boeing 747 is "Heavy" Airbus A380 is "Super".......

  • Niteen Mehendale
    Niteen MehendaleBulan Yang lalu

    Thanks, I've always wondered what "heavy" signified

  • Valerie DeMello
    Valerie DeMelloBulan Yang lalu

    Always wondered about the "heavy ", thank you for taking the time.

  • thebeaz1


    Bulan Yang lalu

    all 3 seconds........

  • Mark Rossow
    Mark RossowBulan Yang lalu

    so yes are nails in wood houses slowly shaken loose if in a flight path ?

  • Nu Pagadii
    Nu PagadiiBulan Yang lalu

    Cuman in time 2:14 U have traditional PZL-104 Wilga/Gull.... NOT some ultra light plane....

  • bllourias
    bllouriasBulan Yang lalu

    ...and that is the reason there is so much empty and cleared fields around airports. Now, I know

  • Mingchen Zhang
    Mingchen ZhangBulan Yang lalu

    An-225 *SUPER HEAVY*

  • Kleur van de Ogen

    Kleur van de Ogen

    Bulan Yang lalu

    AN 225 is "Super"......

  • Edin Fifić
    Edin FifićBulan Yang lalu

    Sort of like the wake a (speedy) boat leaves behind on water.

  • Richard Joe-Leonn
    Richard Joe-LeonnBulan Yang lalu

    I’ve always wondered what heavy meant for thanks

  • Bill Dillon
    Bill DillonBulan Yang lalu

    And geese and ducks have figured this out without a slide rule.

  • Doug B
    Doug BBulan Yang lalu

    Blasted out of the video by an ad.

  • eM Pe
    eM PeBulan Yang lalu

    What? I tend to listen to atc transmissions nearby and never heard heavy... isn't it reserved to the busiest airports? Also I heard speedbird callsign from the USA airports usually...

  • D F
    D FBulan Yang lalu

    I was in a small plane as a passenger once that hit wake turbulence. The plane rolled 45 degrees right then quickly rolled 45 degrees left before leveling. I didn’t realize what happened at the time but the panic in the pilot’s voice certainly didn’t help 😂

  • Gozar 111
    Gozar 111Bulan Yang lalu

    I still remember when we could fly to places.

  • Jopflah
    JopflahBulan Yang lalu

    Wake turbulence caused the crash of small jet at John Wayne airport in Southern California killing top executives of the In-N- Out Burgher chain. This happened several years ago.

  • Joshua Brown
    Joshua BrownBulan Yang lalu

    "lined up like pearls on a necklace." I want to be sure ARTCCs get credit for that too 😉. TRACON may take credit but they merely fine tuned what center did, believe me! But I know what you meant, haha

  • Alucard
    AlucardBulan Yang lalu

    They really are fat shaming the concorde

  • Jamie Milsom
    Jamie MilsomBulan Yang lalu

    Hi Tom you won’t read this but if anyone else can answer the question it would be great. Why do fighter planes or stunt shows like the red arrows not get affected by the wake from the other aircrafts in front as the fly all most touching

  • 858Bill
    858BillBulan Yang lalu

    A little late to the party here....but does aircraft design play a factor in the trailing plane? For example....can a fighter jet "tolerate" wake turbulence better than a more standard aircraft....thereby having the ability to fly closer? Also.....is the turbulence different between jet and prop aircraft of similar size....or is a faster plane different from a slower one?